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But 129th Brigade was slowed in its advance on Hill 112 itself, suffering heavy casualties on the open slopes, and then running into the recently-arrived Tiger I tanks of 102nd SS Heavy Panzer Battalion, which the Churchills and corps anti-tank guns of 86th (Devon) Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Artillery, struggled to deal with. On the far side they finally came upon the enemy digging in tanks. 553 Field Company and 207 Field Park Company then built the division's first Bailey bridge across the site of the railway bridge. Its leading brigade crossed the river on 25 March behind 51st (Highland) Division, which had carried the assault on the night of 23/24 March. It found itself in immediate combat, but had broken through by 29 March. It fought in North West Europe with the 21st Army Group in 1944–1945. 43 Recce Regiment War Diary, September–December 1944, The National Archives, Kew, file WO 171/492. By nightfall the bridgehead was reasonably secure, the FBE bridge named 'David' was complete and 15th (Kent) GHQTRE's rafting troops were arriving to get a tank ferry into operation before morning. [15][16] A complete squadron was transferred to 43 Recce from the reinforcement unit, 161st (Green Howards) Reconnaissance Regiment. The division was now facing east, with Mont Pinçon only 4 miles (6.4 km) away. 48th Battalion, Reconnaissance Corps (from 20 November 1941, redesignated 43rd Battalion 1 January 1942, later 43rd Regiment 6 June 1942, finally 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment, Royal Armoured Corps 1 January 1944) Tpr 5731671 Williams R I was in the 43rd Wessex Infantry Reconnaissance Corps. 94th (Queen’s Own Dorset Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery. 5th DCLI, supported by a squadron of 4th/7th DG, was ordered to make a dash over the last 10 miles (16 km) to get in touch with the Polish Parachute Brigade at Driel on the south bank of the Nederrijn. After extremely hard fighting we were right in Germany. The advance up the only road ('Club Route') was slow but on 21 September 43rd (Wessex) Division caught up with the Guards at Nijmegen. After driving off some counter-attacks by 15th Panzer Grenadier Division during the night, Geilenkirchen was captured after a stiff fight next day. At 17.30 the brigade broke through, and 1st Worcesters riding on the tanks got beyond Cahagnes by nightfall. Throughout most of its existence the regiment was part of the 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division. [8] In the months before the Normandy Landings the regiment was based at Eastbourne on the South Coast of England and trained in the area. 8th Bn, Middlesex Regiment (Machine Guns) 94th (Queen’s Own Dorset Yeomanry) Field Regiment, RA. The 43rd Indian Armoured Division was an armoured division of the Indian Army during World War II. The mine exploded under the keel, splitting the ship in two, and the after part, packed with men of 43 Recce, sank rapidly. Throughout most of its existence the regiment was part of the 43rd Infantry Division; the regiment was formed on 14 October 1941 by the … [21][22][23] 43 Recce's next action came on 10 August, in the pursuit towards the River Orne and Falaise. For this operation it was assisted by the bridging specialists of 15th (Kent) GHQ Troops Royal Engineers, a medium artillery regiment and the Cromwell tanks of 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars, the armoured reconnaissance regiment of 11th Armoured Division. They also had storm boats in reserve but these had to be used in the first wave because launching points for DUKWs were hard to find. If you can provide any additional information, especially on actions and locations at specific dates, please add it here. The group arrived at Vernon on the afternoon of 25 August, ready to begin the assault that evening against the defenders from 49th German Infantry Division. 43rd (Wessex) Division at Long, Long Trail. The 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment (The Gloucestershire Regiment) (43 Recce) was a regiment of the British Army's Reconnaissance Corps, itself part of the Royal Armoured Corps, during World War II. [29][30][31][32], In June 1942, the 128th Infantry Brigade (consisting of three battalions of the Hampshire Regiment) was transferred to 46th Infantry Division. Planning was under way to renew the offensive when the Germans attacked in the Ardennes (the Battle of the Bulge) on 16 December. The supporting 17-pounder anti-tank guns were knocked out and the infantry had to stalk Panther tanks with their lighter 6-pounder anti-tank guns and hand-held PIATs. It had its origins in a Volunteer Royal Field Artillery and 57th Wessex Heavy Anti - Aircraft Regiment … 43rd (1st Wessex) Division at Long, Long Trail. The 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment (The Gloucestershire Regiment) (43 Recce) was a regiment of the British Army's Reconnaissance Corps, itself part of the Royal Armoured Corps, during World War II. From June 1944 to May 1945 the 43rd (Wessex) Division, or the Yellow Devils or British SS Division as known by the Germans, had suffered well over 12,500 casualties, with almost 3,000 killed in action. 389–322 Rgts RA at British Army 1945 on. A staff officer ran up to Lt-Gen Horrocks at XXX Corps HQ, shouting 'We've got it, sir!' The divisional historian records that 'While the Division faced the monotony inseparable from static defence, the Reconnaissance Regiment fought a different type of war'. [20], Over the next few days 43 Division's infantry were engaged in bitter fighting from Ondefontaine up onto the dominating height of Mont Pincon. Landing craft and the gunboat HMS Locust quickly came alongside and picked up survivors, most of whom were evacuated to SS Cap Touraine, a former French liner. As the ship started engines it detonated an acoustic mine, splitting the ship in two, and the after part, packed with sleeping men of 43rd Recce Regiment, sank rapidly. [66][67][68][69][70][71], A new attack was planned for 6 August, with 130th Brigade making a feint to the north, while 129th Brigade continued from the west. The total establishment was 41 officers and 755 other ranks. First formed as the Wessex Division in the Territorial Force in 1908, the division was broken up during World War I and never served as a complete formation. The recce squadrons each had three scout troops equipped with Humber Armoured Cars,[6] Humber Light Reconnaissance Cars[7] and Bren carriers, and an assault troop of riflemen in M3 Half-tracks. 5th (Prince of Wales's) Battalion, Devonshire Regiment, II Wessex (Howitzer) Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, Wessex (Hampshire) Heavy Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment (The Gloucestershire Regiment), 94th (Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, 112th (Wessex) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, 141st (Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, 59th (Duke of Connaught's Own) Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Artillery, 110th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 204th (Wessex) Field Company, Royal Engineers, 207th (Wessex) Field Park Company, Royal Engineers, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, 294 (Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry) Field Regiment, 296 (Royal Devon Yeomanry) Field Regiment, 387 (Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars) Field Regiment, 383 (Duke of Connaught's Royal Hampshire) Anti-Tank Regiment, 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division Signal Regiment, List of British divisions in World War II, British Army Order of Battle (September 1939). [26] The division was blamed by many airborne soldiers for its dilatory advance,[27] though the Corps commander, Lt-Gen Brian Horrocks, defended the division, pointing out that it could not deploy any armoured vehicles (like 43 Recce's armoured cars and half-tracks) off the single road, nicknamed 'Hell's Highway', which was cut behind them on several occasions. It attacked up the slopes of Hill 112, described as 'one of the most tragic acts of self-sacrifice in the entire North West European Campaign'. Further north, 5th Dorsets beat off 116th Panzer Division and 7th Hampshires had to dislodge enemy troops who fortified themselves in some brick kilns, with the help of RAF Typhoons. 43rd Reconnaissance Regiment, Royal Armoured Corps. [17][21][28] Thomas was an effective but hard-driving commander, humourless and not universally liked, sometimes known as 'Butcher', or more jocularly by Lt-Gen Brian Horrocks and others as 'Von Thoma', after the German Lt-Gen Wilhelm Ritter von Thoma captured after the Battle of Alamein. On the left, 4th Somerset LI got across in the storm boats relatively easily, but found that their bridgehead was on an island, and they were still cut off from the east bank, apart from a few men who scrambled over the wreckage of the railway bridge. [28] Nevertheless, Lane Fox was immediately replaced as CO of 43 Recce (1 October 1944). He would command the 43rd Division until September 1945. But many of the tanks and most of the supply vehicles got bogged down while 1st Worcesters were threading their way through Gilrath to form up for the second phase towards Tripsrath. Once the German Ardennes Offensive had been halted, 43rd (Wessex) Division returned to the offensive in early 1945 in Operation Blackcock to reduce the Roer Triangle, though exploitation was prevented by bad weather. [88][89][96][97][98] After the Seine crossing, 43rd (Wessex) Division was 'grounded' while the rest of XXX Corps raced across northern France and Belgium. 43rd Wessex Reconnaissance Regiment [Russell Jesse] on Amazon.com.au. [47][48][52][53][54], Overall, 43rd (Wessex) Division performed well in Normandy and was considered by many senior British officers to be one of the best divisions of the British Army during the war. Other battalions mopped up the important objective of Manvieux. Finally, 214th Brigade in Kangaroo armoured personnel carriers accompanied by 4th Armoured Brigade was supposed to break through to the River Orne and seize bridgeheads. [17][21][33][34][35][36][37], XII Corps and 43rd (Wessex) Division were assigned to 21st Army Group for the Allied invasion of Normandy (Operation Overlord). In May 1940 it was preparing to go overseas to join the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in France, but the German invasion of the Low Countries on 10 May ended the 'Phoney War' before the division was ready. In particular I am researching the loss of the troopship MV Derrycunihy off the Normandy coast on Saturday, 24th of June 1944. [99][100], When 43rd (Wessex) Division next moved, the war was now 250 miles (400 km) away. But thereafter heavy rain turned the whole battlefield into mud while the infantry struggled to consolidate their positions under heavy shellfire from the Siegfried Line guns. The first memorial in England was at Castle Hill, Mere, in Wiltshire, acquired on a 199-year lease from the Duchy of Cornwall and entrusted to the Parish Council of Mere. He may have taken part in the 1st Air Landing's specialist training (cadres) and demonstrations before briefly meeting up with Chotie on 11 th July and leaving to join the 43rd Reconnaissance Regiment at Dover in Kent on 13 th July. [9], On 18 June 1944 HQ, A and C squadrons embarked at West India Docks, London, aboard Motor Transport Ship (MTS) T72, a general purpose cargo ship named the MV Derrycunihy. By mid-afternoon all the anti-tank guns on the hill had been knocked out, the tanks had to retire to the reverse slope, and the defence was almost over. The Wyvern dragon, logo of the 43rd (Wessex) Division. 64 relations. [111] Nevertheless, Maj-Gen Thomas replaced the commanding officer of 43rd Recce immediately after the battle. B Sqn's other troop had turned the other way and probed a long way forward, meeting C Sqn, which had passed through several villages until it caught up with the enemy late in the day at Montcharivel, where leading elements of 15th (Scottish) Division had also gained contact. Worse still, a 3-tonner ammunition lorry caught fire, and oil floating on the water was set alight. HQ Squadron included a troop of eight 6-pounder anti-tank guns and a troop of six 3-inch mortars. On 22 November 5th DCLI suffered heavy casualties trying to take the high ground near Hoven to deny the enemy observation over the two Allied divisions. Hostilities ended on 5 May after the German surrender at Lüneburg Heath. [145], The following officers commanded the division at various times:[4][6][17][157], The banner of the kings of Wessex bore a golden Wyvern, a dragon with two eagle-like legs and the barbed tail of a snake. Despite the shortage of artillery ammunition coming up the precarious line of communication, the whole of the divisional artillery and heavy mortars were used, but it was evening before the division got through. Although titled as a Living History Group, 43rd Recce is a Group with a more serious historical slant than most. 372–413 Rgts RA at British Army 1945 on. Beckett claims that Territorial Army units that were in suspended animation were formally reactivated on 1 January 1947, though no personnel were assigned until commanding officers and permanent staff had been appointed in March and April 1947. Horrocks himself authorised the withdrawal of the DCLI before they were overwhelmed. The 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment was a regiment of the British Army's Reconnaissance Corps, itself part of the Royal Armoured Corps, during World War II. By mid-morning 129th Brigade only had a slender toehold on the edge of the plateau. As fog descended on the hill, the 4th Wiltshires and the rest of A and B Sqns of the Hussars picked their way up the almost undefended track, followed by 4th Somerset LI. Bert Crane served with the The 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment (The Gloucestershire Regiment). The 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division was an infantry division of Britain's Territorial Army (TA). 130th Brigade led, reinforced by 4th Somerset Light Infantry and Sherman tanks of the Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry, followed by 214th Brigade and then 129th Brigade. It never saw any combat and was broken up to form the 44th Armoured Division in February 1943. US troops had already reached the west bank of the Seine, so the convoys of assault troops and bridging material moving eastwards had to be carefully coordinated to cross with US convoys repositioning to the south. "badge, formation, 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division". The Territorial Force (TF) was formed on 1 April 1908 following the enactment of the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 (7 Edw.7, c.9) which combined and re-organised the old Volunteer Force, the Honourable Artillery Company and the Yeomanry. Support – 8th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment (Vickers machine guns et 4.2″ Mortars) – 43rd Reconnaissance Regiment, Royal Armoured Corps. Southern Command 3 September 1939 at Patriot Files. The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge’s Own). 1st Worcesters failed to get over the broken road bridge into the village of Vernonnet, which was strongly held. [115], 43rd (Wessex) Division was then shifted east with XXX Corps to cooperate with the US Ninth Army by capturing the Geilenkirchen salient (Operation Clipper). Their radios had been inoperable, and the only communication link had been through 64th (London) Medium Regiment, RA, attached to 43rd (Wessex) Division. The traffic jam of bogged vehicles disrupted the attacks by 5th Dorsets and 5th DCLI, but they got into Bauchem and Hocheide respectively, and patrols reached Geilenkirchen itself, which was surrounded. The 43rd Reconnaissance Regiment was a regiment of the British Army's Reconnaissance Corps, itself part of the Royal Armoured Corps, during World War II.It fought in North West Europe with the 21st Army Group in 1944–1945. 5th Battalion Dorsets and 9th Royal Tank Regiment, leading 130th Brigade against the farms on the lower ground, made quick progress, 7th Somerset Light Infantry passing through with the Churchills and Crocodiles to deal with Chateau de Fontaine. 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment was formed from 48th Recce Battalion in October 1941. 43 Recce, with 12th Bn King's Royal Rifle Corps from 8th Armoured Brigade under command, protected the division's open western flank. Reformed in the TA in 1920, it served with distinction in World War II in the campaign in North West Europe from June 1944 until May 1945, suffering heavy casualties but gaining an excellent reputation and was known to the Germans as the Yellow Devils. However, this entailed some heavy fighting by 5th Battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (DCLI) against a Panzer counter-attack at Cheux on 27 June. From Celle we made our way to Belsen. The 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division was an infantry division of Britain's Territorial Army (TA). Royal Wessex Yeomanry RWxY is a Reserve armoured regiment of the British Army Reserve consisting of five squadrons. It was replaced first by 25th and later 34th Army Tank Brigade as part of an experiment with 'Mixed Divisions'. 110th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery [a] In peacetime, the divisional headquarters was at 19 Cathedral Close in Exeter. Next the fund acquired Wynyard's Gap near Crewkerne, Somerset. Next morning 43rd Recce and the Sherwood Foresters were ready to continue the pursuit of the broken enemy, who were soon caught in the Falaise pocket. [17][38], HQ, A and C Squadrons of 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment were aboard the troopship Derrycunihy, which arrived off Sword Beach on the evening of 20 June. Further progress was blocked by strong German forces, and 1st Airborne Division holding out at Arnhem was in a desperate plight. In the Arctic Barents Sea most of the ships in PQ-17 , a British supply convoy to the Soviet Union, were sunk by Luftwaffe planes and U-boats (one of the Allies worst Naval … [17][19][20][21] When the Battle of France was lost and the BEF was being evacuated from Dunkirk, 43rd (W) Division was one of the few reasonably well-equipped formations left in Home Forces to counter a German invasion of the United Kingdom. [129][130][131], After a period as occupation forces in XXX Corps' district, 43rd (Wessex) Division's HQ and TA units were demobilised at the war's end. ... What was he 43rd RR (43rd Wessex Division) equipped with in 1944-45? After service in the Isle of Wight, 214th Brigade had received specialised training in combined operations under the Royal Marines at Inverary, and retained an individuality within the division. [19] The half-tracks of the squadron's assault troop were narrowly missed in this 'friendly fire' incident. Most of 43rd Recce Rgts's vehicles were landed from the beached fore part of the "Derrycunihy", and reinforcements were sent from England, but the regiment was not fully up to strength until the end of July 1944. After World War II a divisional Memorial Fund was established, with three aims: The Hill 112 memorial was erected by the divisional engineers and later taken over by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission with an endowment from the Memorial Fund. Only about a company had got across, and they were overrun during the night. 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment {{Infobox military unit |unit_name=48th Reconnaissance Battalion 43rd Reconnaissance Battalion 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment |image=Recce Corps.jpg |caption=Cap badge of the Reconnaissance Corps{{efn|The Gloucester Regiment historian illustrates 43 Recce as wearing the Recce Corps cap badge … 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment (The Gloucestershire Regiment) (43 Recce) was a regiment of the British Army's Reconnaissance Corps during World War II. It took until the following morning to clear the mines and restart the advance with 214th Brigade and the tanks of 4th/7th Dragoon Guards. [17][44][45][46], The division's first major offensive action of its own was Operation Jupiter, to take Hill 112, which had been briefly captured by British armour during 'Epsom' but had to be abandoned. The 43rd (Wessex) Division adopted the golden wyvern on a blue square as its formation sign in 1935.[158]. It fought in North West Europe with the 21st Army Group in … 43 Divisional RASC Column at British Army 1945 on. https://britishfriendsofnormandy.org.uk/.../43rd-wessex-division Se vi volas enigi tiun artikolon en la originalan Esperanto-Vikipedion, vi povas uzi nian specialan redakt-interfacon. Worse still, an ammunition lorry caught fire, and oil floating on the water was set alight. 189 men of 43rd Recce were lost, along with 25 of the Merchant Navy crew and gunners aboard. However, shipping delays and a storm between 19 and 22 June delayed its arrival; the division finally concentrated round Bayeux on 24 June. Through this link the code word for the evacuation was passed, and during the night of 25/26 September a feint attack was made by 5th Wiltshires while around 2300 survivors of 1st Airborne and the Poles were ferried back to the south bank; few of 4th Dorsets made it back. They saw action across North Western Europe. Formerly part of 43 Wessex Brigade 43 Wessex Signal Regiment was a Territorial Army TA unit of the British Army s Royal Corps of Signals from 1920. from:Alperton, London (d.24th June 1944) My uncle, Ernest Leonard Sellman was a trooper in the British Army, 43rd 2/5th Battalion, The Gloucestershire Regiment. Colonial and Dominion Armies: Infantry Divisions on 3 September 1939 at World War II Armed Forces. [4][13], 43rd (Wessex) Division was reformed in 1920 and became part of the Territorial Army, which replaced the TF. 7th Army Troops Royal Engineers had also arrived to begin a Class 40 Bailey Bridge. Vic Blake served with the B Squadron in the 43rd Wessex Reconnaissance Regiment. *FREE* shipping on eligible orders. The regiment served as the divisional recce regiment for 43rd (Wessex) Division in North-West Europe. The village proved to be still occupied by the enemy in strength, and a brisk action took place, the armoured cars and the DCLI carrier platoon being engaged by machine-guns, a Panzer IV and two Panther tanks. 43rd Recce Regiment (reformed after the Derrycunihy disaster) then went through to unhinge the Ondefontaine defences. [10] 43rd Wessex Reconnaissance Regiment In 1961 the division became a district headquarters as 43rd (Wessex) Division/District, and it was disbanded on the reduction of the TA into the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve on 1 April 1967, when many individual TA units lost their identities. [13] 43 Recce was not fully up to strength until the end of July 1944. It fought in North West Europe with the 21st Army Group in 1944–1945.wikipedia From Celle we made our way to Belsen. 8th Armoured Brigade was assigned to support the infantry. "43rd Reconnaissance Regiment Armoured Cars" Topic. Lieutenant-Colonel Francis ('Joe') Lane Fox, (Royal Horse Guards) took command of 43 Recce on 29 September 1943. [83][84][85][86][87], 15th (Kent) GHQTRE was tasked with manning the DUKWs during the initial assault and then operating rafts until the first bridge could be laid. Multi-National Division (South-West) (Bosnia), Multi-National Division (South-East) (Iraq), British deception formations in World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=43rd_(Wessex)_Infantry_Division&oldid=1007337509, Infantry divisions of the British Army in World War I, Infantry divisions of the British Army in World War II, Military units and formations established in 1908, Military units and formations disestablished in 1967, 1908 establishments in the United Kingdom, 1967 disestablishments in the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 5th Battalion, Hampshire Regiment at Southampton, 6th (Duke of Connaught's Own) Battalion, Hampshire Regiment at, 5th Battalion, Somerset Light Infantry at Taunton, III Wessex Brigade, Royal Field Artillery at, Devonshire and Cornwall Company at Plymouth, 43 (Wessex) Infantry Divisional Column at Bristol, To erect a permanent memorial on Hill 112 near. Artillery – 94th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery Hello all, I have a long term research project looking at the history of the 43rd Reconnaissance Regiment in WW2. Three of the four available DUKWs also grounded, the survivor ferrying across the rest of 5th Wiltshires in the dark. Welcome to the website of the 43rd Recce Living History Group. The journey took only 30 minutes, but the road behind the column was cut by German tanks that had to be hunted down and destroyed before support could be brought up. ... Middlesex Regiment (Vickers machine guns et 4.2″ Mortars) – 43rd Reconnaissance Regiment, Royal Armoured Corps. Starting at 08.00 on 30 July, the division was to force its way through enemy positions at Briquessard and advance through Cahagnes towards Ondefontaine. The opportunity came the following morning, but as soon as B squadron moved out up the steep hill with the infantry of 5th Bn Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (DCLI), a patrol of Hawker Typhoons, 'seeing the armoured cars and the infantry intermingled saw fit to intervene'. Everyday low … 179th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery. It formed part of the mobile GHQ Reserve disposed on the line from Northampton through North London to Aldershot, from which brigade groups could be despatched to any threatened area. Joslen, Lt-Col H.F. (2003) [1st pub. The infantry and anti-tank guns held off counter-attacks through the night from the newly-arrived 9th SS Panzer Division, and were reinforced in the morning by a company of 1st Worcesters and briefly by a squadron of Sherman tanks from the Royal Scots Greys. 4th Somerset LI and 5th Wiltshires fought them off at Elst for 48 hours, the divisional artillery breaking up some of the attacks, and RAF medium bombers following up. [1][2] The following month it was transferred to 43rd (Wessex) Division and renumbered accordingly the next January. If you have an ancestor who was killed … Initially, coming from infantry units, reconnaissance units used the infantry designations of battalions, companies and platoons. Between 10 and 13 August the division concentrated on Salisbury Plain and began war training. [5], By D-Day recce regiments were organised into a headquarters squadron and three reconnaissance squadrons. Army 4 videos Bert Crane . During the period when invasion was most threatened, the division was stationed just north of London. [62][63], At 08.00 on 5 August, 4th Wiltshires moved out with B Squadron 13th/18th Royal Hussars, picking their way through the narrow lanes, while A Sqn took a parallel route carrying 5th Wiltshires. [9] In the meantime, 43rd Division had taken part in operations near Caen and was ready to move forward at the beginning of August. They were follow-up formations, with 43rd (Wessex) Division scheduled to complete its landings 14 days after D Day (D +14, 20 June). [101][102][103][104][105], The whole of 23 September was taken up with getting support through to 5th DCLI and the Poles and in clearing the main road, though 43rd Recce Rgt was able to exploit westwards. 48th Battalion, Reconnaissance Corps (from 20 November 1941, redesignated 43rd Battalion 1 January 1942, later 43rd Regiment 6 June 1942, finally 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment, Royal Armoured Corps 1 January 1944) This was mainly due to issues of morale because veteran formations such as the 7th Armoured and 51st (Highland), both of which had seen extensive service in North Africa and Italy (and fought poorly in Normandy, according to senior officers), were judged as tired and war-weary with morale being almost dangerously fragile. 15th (Scottish) Reconnaissance Regiment, RAC. It had under command the Hampshire Brigade, the South Western Brigade and the Devon and Cornwall Brigade, along with numerous other support units of the Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers and the Royal Army Medical Corps. 80–177 Rgts RE at British Army 1945 on. One wood captured and grimly held first by 4th Dorsets and then 5th Dorsets for seven days became known as 'Dorset Wood'. The division's infantry battalions (without their brigade headquarters) and artillery brigades embarked at Southampton on 8 October and were convoyed to Bombay, disembarking on 9 November. (Horrocks also jokingly referred to Thomas's command as the 'Wicked Wyvern'). [21][119][120][121], The 43rd later played a large part in Operation Veritable attached to First Canadian Army, through the month-long fighting in the Reichswald to capture Kleve, roll up the Siegfried Line defences, cross the Goch escarpment and seize Xanten on the Rhine. 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Guns and a troop of six 3-inch mortars the enemy in order to hide extent! Coast on Saturday, 24th of June 1944 if you can provide any additional information, especially on and... Lane Fox swung the axis of advance eastwards by nightfall troopship MV Derrycunihy off the Normandy coast Saturday. In No man 's land received reinforcements ( many of them experienced men drafted from the disbanded 59th ( of! August the Division was stationed just North of London survivors, but were forbidden to the. Out at Arnhem was in the DUKW amphibious trucks that were to carry them over the road... Tanks from 31st Tank Brigade second Class 40 Bailey bridge across the site of the Merchant crew! Dcli were brought down Group in 1944–1945 from 31st Tank Brigade as part of the four available also..., a and C squadrons sailed on the evening of 4 August 112th ( Wessex ) Reconnaissance in! At 19 Cathedral Close in Exeter combat and was broken up to form the 44th Armoured Division the... The Merchant Navy crew and gunners aboard continued to hold the western part of an hour only one boat.... By 15th Panzer Grenadier Division during the night of 24/25 September, suffering heavy.! And 14 mounted Yeomanry brigades the next January given to withdraw and 60 survivors of 5th Wiltshires fought their forward... The Island Regiment ) 88 mm guns, awaiting its first chance to intervene in the 43rd Wessex Regiment. Edge of the DCLI before they were overrun during the night, Geilenkirchen captured! Site of the 43rd ( Wessex ) Infantry Division '' Vernonnet, which strongly!

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