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ACHIEVEMENTS Rudyard Kiplingworked very hard for the Newspaper for six years from 1883. Eliot.) In 1907, Kipling received a Nobel Prize for literature, the first English-language author to win the prestigious award. The works of Rudyard Kipling, who in 1907 became the first English writer to be awarded the Nobel Prize, have left a mixed legacy: Kipling is recog­nized for his extraordinary ear for language, his precise use of spare, vivid imagery, and his innovative plots and deceptively simple structure. In October 1915, the Kiplings received word that John had gone missing in France. Embed this Biography stories. During the First World War, the British Government asked Kipling to write propaganda, which Kipling immediately accepted. The two appeared to be just friends, but during the Christmas holiday in 1891, Kipling, who had traveled back to India to see his family, received an urgent cable from Carrie. In 1915, he even traveled to France to report on the war from the trenches. Joseph Rudyard Kipling was born on December 30, 1865, in Bombay. Considered one of the great English writers, Joseph Rudyard Kipling was born on December 30, 1865, in Bombay (now called Mumbai), India. Rudyard Kipling was an English author famous for an array of works like 'Just So Stories,' 'If' and 'The Jungle Book.' Rudyard Kipling was born in India in 1865 and educated in England but returned to India in 1882. His mother was Alice Macdonald, two of whose sisters married the highly successful 19th-century painters Sir Edward Burne-Jones and Sir Edward Poynter, while a third married Alfred Baldwin and became the mother of Stanley Baldwin, later prime minister. Yet even as Kipling grew more rigid in his viewpoints as he got older, aspects of his earlier work would still be celebrated. In 1882, Kipling returned to India. Kim (1901), about an Irish orphan in India, is a classic. She beat and bullied the youngster, who also struggled to fit in at school. The family lived well, and Kipling was especially close to his mother. Among the latter were Soldiers Three, The Phantom Rickshaw (containing the story “The Man Who Would Be King”), and Wee Willie Winkie (containing “Baa Baa, Black Sheep”). The Stalky saga is one of Kipling’s great imaginative achievements. He is best known for authoring 'The Hobbit' and 'The Lord of the Rings' trilogy. A live-action/CGI version of the movie was later released in 2016, with direction by Jon Favreau and the vocal talents of Idris Elba, Ben Kingsley, Lupita Nyong'o and Scarlett Johansson. Nighttime, especially, proved to be valuable for the young writer. Rudyard Kipling was an English short-story writer, poet, and novelist. Thereafter, he wrote several books including the famous 'The Jungle Book'. Kipling's books during his years at Bateman's included Puck of Pook's Hill (1906), Actions and Reactions (1909), Debts and Credits (1926), Thy Servant a Dog (1930) and Limits and Renewals (1932). In this ballad, an Afghan chieftain named Kamal raids … A decade later, Kipling married Caroline Balestier and settled in Brattleboro, Vermont, where he wrote The Jungle Book (1894), among a host of other works that made him hugely successful. Rudyard led an exciting life filled with journeys and interesting situations. Kipling was a man of two worlds, somebody who was accepted by both his British counterparts and the native population. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. When the poet laureate Alfred, Lord Tennyson, died in 1892, it may be said that Kipling took his place in popular estimation. Kipling revered the new home, with its lush gardens and classic details. It was a powerful time in the young writer's life. The news devastated the couple. In the winter of 1899, Carrie, who was homesick, decided that the family needed to travel back to New York to see her mother. The gentle Kipling was embarrassed by the attention and regretful of how his celebrity had worked against him. In 1907, Rudyard Kipling was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. He described dreadful years of his childhood in his short story Baa Baa, Black Sheep. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. During the Japanese leg of the journey, Kipling learned that his bank, the New Oriental Banking Corporation, had failed. Kipling, perhaps feeling guilty about his push to make his son a soldier, set off for France to find John. But plagued with the same eyesight problems his father had, John was repeatedly turned down. These convictions are not to be dismissed in a word: they were bound up with a genuine sense of a civilizing mission that required every Englishman, or, more broadly, every white man, to bring European culture to those he considered the heathen natives of the uncivilized world. Rudyard Kipling was born on 30 December 1865 in Bombay, in the Bombay Presidency of British India, to Alice Kipling (née MacDonald) and John Lockwood Kipling. Carrington's was the authorised biography, but that was published as long ago as 1955. He vowed never to return to America. But the journey across the Atlantic was brutal, and New York was frigid. In his early years, Kipling lived with a foster family in England and discovered his passion for writing during his childhood. In South Africa, where he spent much time, he was given a house by Cecil Rhodes, the diamond magnate and South African statesman. In 1926, he … The Kiplings were broke. J.R.R. Kipling's solace came in books and stories. In 1889, seven years after he had left England, Kipling returned to its shores in hopes of leveraging the modest amount of celebrity his book of short stories had earned him. The family waited until Kipling was strong enough to hear the news, but even then, Carrie could not bear to break it to him, asking his publisher, Frank Doubleday, to do so instead. His only break from the Holloways came in December, when Kipling, who told nobody of his problems at school or with his foster parents, traveled to London to stay with relatives for the month. Eliot, and William Butler Yeats enjoyed. British novelist William Golding wrote the critically acclaimed classic 'Lord of the Flies,' and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1983. Since Josephine's death, Kipling and John had grown tremendously close. There was a … Kipling's experiences during this time formed the backbone for a series of stories he began to write and publish. Much of his childhood was unhappy. With few friends, he devoted himself to reading. 1887- Kipling joined the newspaper The Pioneer, Allahabad. He was dedicated as ever to his writing, something Carrie helped ensure. Kipling fell in love with life in the states, and the two decided to settle there. The sights and sounds, even the language, which he'd believed he'd forgotten, rushed back to him upon his arrival. At the time of his birth, his parents, John and Alice, were recent arrivals in India as part of the British Empire. The biography contains the life history of popular writer, Rudyard Kipling. He moved to England in 1889 and enjoyed a meteoric rise to literary fame, especially after the appearance of Barrack-Room Ballads (1892). Looks like something went wrong. Wanting to help his son enlist, Kipling drove John to several different military recruiters. His father, an artist, was the head of the Department of Architectural Sculpture at the Jeejeebhoy School of Art in Bombay. Rudyard Kipling Timeline: 1865- Joseph Rudyard Kipling was born on 30 December 1865. The writer’s life also generates interest in people: it was exciting and complicated. He learned the language and, in this bustling city of Anglos, Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists and Jews, connected with the country and its culture. Finally, Kipling made use of his connections and managed to get John enlisted with the Irish Guard as a second lieutenant. Mini Bio (1) Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, Maharashtra, India, the son of John Lockwood Kipling, a museum director and author and illustrator. Health issues eventually caught up to both Kipling and Carrie, the result of age and grief. When Mrs. Holloway took away his books, Kipling snuck in literature time, pretending to play in his room by moving furniture along the floor while he read. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! The achievements of Rudyard Kipling lie in his literary contributions, which remain popular and oft-cited more than 70 years after his death. Kipling’s ideas were not in accord with much that was liberal in the thought of the age, and, as he became older, he was an increasingly isolated figure. The two men quarreled, and when Kipling made noise about taking his brother-in-law to court because of threats Beatty had made to his life, newspapers across America broadcast the spat on their front pages. Kipling Sahib is indeed a good biography, but it is confined tothe writer's early years. Alice (one of the four noted MacDonald sisters) was a vivacious woman, about whom Lord Dufferin would say, "Dullness and Mrs Kipling cannot exist in the same room." Please try to rate again. When he died, two days before King George V, he must have seemed to many a far less representative Englishman than his sovereign. He also encouraged his son, John, to enlist. But as was often the case in Kipling's life, good fortune was accompanied by hard luck. Updates? In 1926 he received the Gold Medal of the Royal Society of Literature, which only Scott, Meredith, and Hardy had been awarded before him. His most successful novel was Kim (1901). In 1926 he received the Gold Medal of the Royal Society of Literature, which only Scott, Meredith, and Hardy had been awarded before him. The book itself was in part a tribute to his late daughter, for whom Kipling had originally crafted the stories as he put her to bed. In 1902 Kipling bought a house at Burwash, Sussex, which remained his home until his death. His poems included “Mandalay,” “Gunga Din,” and “If—.” His children’s stories included The Jungle Book (1894) and Just So Stories (1902). The two men grew close and even traveled together to the United States, where Balestier introduced his fellow writer to his childhood home of Brattleboro, Vermont. Most of his work celebrated the English Empire and its soldiers in India. Kipling was delighted to be around children—a characteristic that was apparent in his writing. This was at the height of the "British Raj", so he was brought up by Indian nurses ("ayahs"), who taught him something of the beliefs and tongues of India. His father was a professor in an art school. Kipling was the recipient of the 1907 Nobel Prize in Literature. 1888- His first prose collection Plain Tales from the Hills was published in Calcutta. William Butler Yeats was one of the greatest English-language poets of the 20th century and received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1923. Ever after Kipling remained very aware that Americans were “foreigners,” and he extended to them, as to the French, no more than a semi-exemption from his proposition that only “lesser breeds” are born beyond the English Channel. Biography of Rudyard Kipling Rudyard Kipling, born in Bombay, India on December 20, 1865, is one of Britain's most famous writers, although his work never attracted the critical acclaim that writers like E.M. Forster, T.S. Birkenhead's unofficial bio improved on it in 1978. Mrs. Holloway was a brutal woman who quickly grew to despise her foster son. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Jungle Book (1894) and The Second Jungle Book (1895) are stylistically superb collections of stories. But life again took another dramatic turn for the family when Kipling had a major falling out with Beatty. While Kipling continued to write for the next two decades, he never again returned to the bright, cheery children's tales he had once so delighted in crafting. https://www.biography.com/writer/rudyard-kipling. For days, the world kept careful watch on the state of Kipling's health as newspapers reported on his condition. Kipling lived there from 1902 until his death in 1936. We strive for accuracy and fairness. While working in India, Rudyard Kipling published a collection of verse and several volumes of short stories, including The Phantom Rickshaw, all of which were well received by the public. Between 1885 and 1888, Rudyard Kipling went to Simla each year for his annual leave and the town, which became a center of power in India for six months of the year, features quite strongly in his stories. Kipling made his home with his parents in Lahore and, with his father's help, found a job with a local newspaper. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. In 1907, Rudyard Kipling received the Nobel Prize in literature “in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author". Rudyard Kipling was born in India and spent his early childhood there. He wrote tales and poems of British soldiers in India and stories for children. Elsie Bambridge (née Kipling; 2 February 1896 – 24 May 1976) was the second daughter of British writer Rudyard Kipling.She was the only one of the Kipling's three children to survive beyond early adulthood. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Rudyard-Kipling, The Victorian Web - Biography of Rudyard Kipling, British Library - Biography of Rudyard Kipling, The Nobel Prize - Biography of Rudyard Kipling, Poetry Foundation - Biography of Rudyard Kipling, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Rudyard Kipling, Rudyard Kipling - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Seamus Heaney was a renowned Irish poet and professor who won the 1995 Nobel Prize in Literature. Tolkien is an internationally renowned fantasy writer. The book's name had, in fact, come from Josephine, who told her father he had to repeat each tale as he always had, or "just so," as Josephine often said. He died in 1936. 1878- Rudyard was sent to study at the United Service College at Westward Ho in Devon. His novel The Light That Failed (1890) is the story of a painter going blind and spurned by the woman he loves. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Kipling’s father, John Lockwood Kipling, was an artist and scholar who had considerable influence on his son’s work, became curator of the Lahore Museum, and is described presiding over this “wonder house” in the first chapter of Kim, Rudyard’s most famous novel. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Besides numerous short-story collections and poetry collections such as The Seven Seas (1896), Kipling published his best-known novels in the 1890s and immediately thereafter. Kipling received the 1907 Nobel Prize for Literature. Following their wedding, the Kiplings set off on an adventurous honeymoon that took them to Canada and then Japan. Rudyard Kipling Biography Stories. Although he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1907, his political views, which grew more toxic as he aged, have long made him critically unpopular. Left only with what they had with them, the young couple decided to travel to Brattleboro, where much of Carrie's family still resided. In addition to Plain Tales From the Hills, Kipling published a second collection of short stories, Wee Willie Winkie (1888), and American Notes (1891), which chronicled his early impressions of America. A decade later, Kipling married Caroline Balestier and settled in Brattleboro, Vermont, where he wrote The Jungle Book (1894), among a host of other works that made him hugely successful. By the age of 11, Kipling was on the verge of a nervous breakdown. In November 1887, Kipling became assistant editor at the … Kipling was the recipient of the 1907 Nobel Prize in Literature. "Behold us," he wrote in a November 1902 letter, "lawful owners of a grey stone, lichened house—A.D. That year the young couple moved to the United States and settled on Mrs. Kipling’s property in Vermont, but their manners and attitudes were considered objectionable by their neighbours. Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images Rudyard Kipling is one of the best-known of the late Victorian poets and story-tellers. The English poet and story writer Rudyard Kipling was one of the first masters of the short story in English, and he was the first to use Cockney dialect (the manner in which natives of London, England's, East End speak) in serious poetry. Suffering from insomnia, he roamed the city streets and gained access to the brothels and opium dens that rarely opened their doors to common Englishmen. Both Kipling and young Josephine arrived in the states gravely ill with pneumonia. He particularly adored the work of Daniel Defoe, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Wilkie Collins. Unable or unwilling to adjust to life in America, the Kiplings returned to England in 1896. Kipling's friendship with Balestier changed the young writer's life. Rudyard Kipling was an English writer best known for the children's book The Jungle Book . As a writer, too, Kipling flourished. There, Kipling flourished and discovered his talent for writing, eventually becoming editor of the school newspaper. Kipling’s pamphlets were very popular among the … To those who knew him, it was clear that Kipling never recovered from Josephine's death. Sussex was the background of much of his later writing—especially in Puck of Pook’s Hill (1906) and Rewards and Fairies (1910), two volumes that, although devoted to simple dramatic presentations of English history, embodied some of his deepest intuitions. He received the 1907 Nobel Prize in Literature. The property had been erected in 1634, and for the private Kiplings, it offered the kind of isolation they now cherished. Lewis Carroll was the pen name of Charles L. Dodgson, author of the children's classics 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' and 'Through the Looking-Glass.'. He traveled to America and wrote 'American Notes' about his experiences. Captains Courageous (1897), in spite of its sense of adventure, is burdened by excessive descriptive writing. Kipling seemed to adore his new life, which soon saw the Kiplings welcome their first child, a daughter named Josephine (born in 1893), and a second daughter, Elsie (born in 1896). Kipling's ashes were buried in Westminster Abbey in Poets' Corner next to the graves of Thomas Hardy and Charles Dickens. Rudyard Kipling - Poets, Life Achievements and Personal Life. Childhood and youth . Joseph Rudyard Kipling. Rudyard Kipling is remembered for his stories and poems of British soldiers in India and for his tales for children. But nothing ever came of the search, and John's body was never recovered. 1889- He left the newspaper and moved to London. Around this time, Kipling's star power started to grow. Rudyard Kipling was born on December 30, 1865, in Bombay, India. Born in Bombay, India, Rudyard Kipling was educated in England, returning to India in 1882. As a result, in 1896, he and his family left Vermont for a new life back in England. In 1907 he received the Nobel Prize for Literature, the first Englishman to be so honoured. Rudyard Kipling is an English writer born in 1865 in Bombay. Rudyard Kipling: biography The British writer and poet Rudyard Kipling became popular due to his short stories and poems; his quotes and aphorisms continue to be relevant today. Thereafter he returned to India to work as a journalist. His fame was redoubled upon the publication in 1892 of the verse collection Barrack-Room Ballads, which contained such popular poems as “Mandalay,” “Gunga Din,” and “Danny Deever.” Not since the English poet Lord Byron had such a reputation been achieved so rapidly. The turn of the century saw the publication of another novel that would become quite popular, Kim (1901), which featured a youth's adventure on the Grand Trunk Road. This autobiography/biography was written at the time of … British author Beatrix Potter wrote and illustrated more than 20 children's books starring Peter Rabbit, Jemima Puddle-Duck and Benjamin Bunny. Biography of Rudyard Kipling an English poet, short-story writer, and novelist chiefly remembered for his celebration of British imperialism, tales and poems of British soldiers in India, and his tales for children. Kipling’s poems and stories were extraordinarily popular in the late 19th and early 20th century, but after World War I his reputation as a serious writer suffered through his being widely viewed as a jingoistic imperialist. As a poet, author, and recipient of the Nobel Prize for literature in 1907, he published over 80 stories and ballads. Kipling was the recipient of many honorary degrees and other awards. This association fostered Kipling’s imperialist persuasions, which were to grow stronger with the years. A third child, John, was born in 1897, after the Kiplings had left America. A visitor to his home saw his condition and immediately contacted his mother, who rushed back to England and rescued her son from the Holloways. The same year he purchased Bateman's, Kipling also published his Just So Stories, which were greeted with wide acclaim. Rudyard Kipling Biography - English Journalist, Short-Story Writer, Poet, and Novelist #RudyardKipling #biography #poet (His rehabilitation was attempted, however, by T.S. To help relax his mind, Alice took her son on an extended vacation and then placed him in a new school in Devon. Kipling did recover, but his beloved Josephine did not. His parents, although not officially important, belonged to the highest Anglo-Indian society, and Rudyard thus had opportunities for exploring the whole range of that life. It haunted Kipling for the rest of his life—but always as the glorious place celebrated in Stalky & Co. (1899) and related stories: an unruly paradise in which the highest goals of English education are met amid a tumult of teasing, bullying, and beating. Wolcott had died suddenly of typhoid fever and Carrie needed Kipling to be with her. All the while he had remained keenly observant of the thronging spectacle of native India, which had engaged his interest and affection from earliest childhood. Along with his younger sister, Alice, he reveled in exploring the local markets with his nanny. 1634 over the door—beamed, paneled, with old oak staircase and all untouched and unfaked.". However, at the age of six, Kipling's life was torn apart when his mother, wanting her son to receive a formal British education, sent him to Southsea, England, where he attended school and lived with a foster family named the Holloways. Be an ardent supporter of the 1907 Nobel Prize for Literature greatest English-language Poets of Metaphysical. 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